The skill and experience of the individual undertaking the work will play a large part in determining how accurate and reliable any assessment of dating is, and specialist advice should certainly be taken when dealing with large assemblages or those where the pipe dating is fundamental to the excavated deposits. But it is certainly possible for a good assessment of date to be made by considering the key characteristics of any given pipe or pipe assemblage, guidelines for which are given below. They can be used to indicate whether a context group is likely to contain residual material, or whether it represents a coherent and potentially tightly dated group. They can also be used to check any dates provided by associated bowl forms, marks or decoration, which can be especially useful for smaller contexts where only a few such pieces are present. There are always exceptions but, in broad terms, stems can usually be allocated to one of three general date ranges by assessing their form, stem bore, fabric and finish.
Again, there appears to be a cross-over with the old style forked tail and the later forked tail P's. However, these commemorative pipes generally have a silver band with hallmarks so one can date these pipes by the hallmark. Also, we must address the stamp "A Peterson Product.
A Peterson Dating Guide; A Rule of Thumb
So a pipe stamped thusly will have been made say from to the present with the COM stamp identifying it as a pre-Republic or a Republic pipe. Silver hallmarks are placed on the silver after an assay office, in Peterson's case, the Dublin Assay Office, has verified that the silver content is indeed sterling, in other words parts of silver per parts of the metal. The silver hallmarks on Peterson pipes are a group of three marks, each in an escutcheon; the first is a seated Hibernia denoting Dublin Ireland, the second is a harp denoting the silver fineness, and the third is a letter denoting the year.
The style of letter and the shape of the escutcheon the letter is in, will determine the year in which the assay office stamped the metal band and not necessarily the year the pipe was made.
Peterson orders these bands by the thousands and sends them to the assay office for hallmarking.
Craftman`s Edition of W.O. Larsen with Country Gentleman
The assay office will stamp the date of the year in which they received the bands and it may be a year or two or three before Peterson's employees happen to place one of these bands on a pipe though generally the bands are placed on a pipe in the year they were stamped.
The Dublin hallmarks can be found in any book on silver markings or on one of several web sites. For the one year,the Dublin Assay Office added a fourth mark to commemorate the City of Dublin's founding in However, the Peterson pipes we have and have seen with silver dates of and generally do not have this fourth mark.
Here again, we must add a "maybe" to the above hallmarks. On 1 Junecertain countries attended an international conference on silver markings and decided to adopt an entirely different mark for sterling silver. This mark is an Arabian numeral,located between the scales of a balance beam and in Peterson's case may or may not have the Hibernia and Harp marks to either side.
Bowl Forms The bowl form is usually the most accurate way of dating a pipe, since the shapes changed rapidly over time. They were also subject to marked regional variation prior to the nineteenth century, so the shape can also be used to identify which part of the country a pipe Missing: larsen pipes. archotelzeeland.com is Denmark's oldest and probably the most famous pipe and tobacco Store, placed in the center of Copenhagen on the main pedestrian street, Stroget. If you visit Copenhagen and do a "pipe crawl" this Store is a must. In the beginning of the 60's the Store had begun to sell Danish handmade pipes, especially from Poul Rasmussen. Artisan: Paul Larrysson Hubartt (born ) initialy living in Indiana (USA) settled in Cornwall (GB) in In Hubartt had made 50 pipes (starting out). Code stampings: pipe number followed by the year of production. No grading system . Comparison of some wax-drip pipes with a Larrysson of the same type.
These particular pipes can only be said to date between and the present, and were stamped as such for shipment to the different countries involved in the conference. For pipes shipped to all other countries, Peterson still uses the old style hallmarks. Peterson pipes with a sterling silver band that does not have hallmarks could have been made for the United States market since the United States only requires sterling silver to be stamped "sterling silver" or "sterling.
Before we close this section on silver hallmarks, we must address the marks that many people refer to as hallmarks. Peterson uses three marks on some of their pipes that are not silver hallmarks but are rather another Peterson logo See Enclosure 4.
These marks are:. Dating by series or numbers is an area in which we are having a difficult time of establishing. For instance, the series are all shapes used during the Patent Era and we believe Peterson started using this number system when the original patent expired. In the case of the series and without looking at the COM stamp or silver hallmark, one can only say that they were made between and today.
Larsen was founded in and has been in the same family handed from father to son through 5 generations. Ole W.O. Larsen (4? generation) and Niels (5? generation and daily manager) try together with Inge W.O. to keep personal relations to all customer throughout the world. Looking for G. Larsen Lillehammer pipe info. I just acquired this old Lillehammer and I am looking for more info on this G. Larsen factory that might help me date this pipe. no stamp on the pipe but you can see the stamp in the case liner. During the flowering of the Danish pipe in the '60's, they first began retailing pipes by such carvers as Sixten Ivarsson, Sven Knudsen, Poul Rasmussen, and Brakner. Urged on by his store manager Sven Bang, the owner, Ole Larsen, decided .
The series was not in Peterson's catalogue. Though we are still trying to find the start dates of many series, here are some that we are pretty positive about:. Peterson Clay, Bog Oak and Cherry Wood pipes were offered in the Patent Era with or without a formed case, as also offered with their briar and meerschaum pipes.
Peterson made clay pipes during the Patent Era with only two shapes being offered and depicted in their catalogue. How long and in what years Peterson made these clays is not known but as stated above two shapes were offered in their catalogue.
Then during World War II, Peterson again made clay pipes due to the understandable shortage of briar. The clays of this period are stamped "Peterson System" and were only offered with nickel bands. This later production of clay pipes ended with the closing of Peterson's London Shop in the late s or early s.
Dating larsen pipes
Also during World War II, Peterson again made bog oak pipes and again, this was due to the shortage of briar. They had previously ceased production of bog oak pipes in the s during the Irish Free State Era.
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All are the file as far as for 3 digits shape code occured. This is why the size of the bowl for is very important during this period and it is essential to compare the forms with a life size typology. The bowl walls became correspondingly thinner and the use of rim milling stopped around in the south, but lingered on until around in the midlands and north; its use appears to have been associated with specific bowl styles and it was phased out as new styles emerged. Regional variations are particularly strong during this period and some areas switched preference between heel and spur pipes or vice versa during this period.
For much of the eighteenth century pipe bowls were generally upright and with fairly cylindrical bowl forms e. Regional variation continues to be quite marked with burnishing persisting in some regions but not others.
Rim milling dies out almost completely after aboutas does the practice of rim bottering. Bowl forms become quite large with thin walls and relatively tall bowls. Regional variation becomes less marked and similar forms were used for long-stemmed pipes across the country. These long pipes continued in use right through into the twentieth century, but in decreasing numbers as a plethora of new shapes and styles came into fashion from around The new decorative styles of short-stemmed pipe are hard to categorise into meaningful typologies but should be easily distinguishable from the earlier forms e.
Bowl forms can be dated by reference to national and local typologies, links to which can be found below. It is important to print these out at life size check the bar scale when printed before comparing pipes with them, since size can be crucial, especially for seventeenth century forms.
The London typology is still one of the most useful because of the clean, accurately drawn forms and the widespread influence of London styles.
It can be used for many areas of the country, in conjunction with more local typologies, where these exist. The general and regional typologies produced by Oswald suffer from the poor quality of the form drawings, although the underlying dating is still sound. Regional typologies are useful if they exist for the study area, but can be variable in terms of the quality of the bowl form drawings and accuracy of the dates attributed to them.
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It is important to display or print these at life size when comparing new material, since size is often an important factor in determining the date. Full Guidelines. Seventeenth and early eighteenth-century stems showing bands of milling 1 and 'barley twist' decoration 2 and 3. Photo D. Nineteenth-century moulded pattern number on the side of a stem reading No Home Find by location How to How to